Wrinkles – we all get them eventually. But not all wrinkles are the same, and wrinkles can appear in many different areas of the face, with patterns varying for each person. Aging progresses very differently for each person, and there are a myriad factors that affect the process, including lifestyle, genetics, and sun exposure. Since you are sure to get wrinkles at some point in your life, it is a good idea to know what you might be dealing with and how you can minimize their impact. So what are the various types of wrinkles, and what can you do to prevent and fight them as you get older?
The Basics: Dynamic Vs. Static Wrinkles
There are two major types of wrinkles, which determine the cause of specific folds and lines. Dynamic wrinkles are caused by repetitive facial movements over time (such as laughing or frowning), with muscle movements eventually causing permanent lines as the skin gets older and less able to fight back. Static wrinkles, on the other hand, are caused by collagen and elasticity loss combined with the effects of gravity.
Specific Types of Wrinkles
Aside from the two basic types of wrinkles, there are some lines that most people are familiar with—common types of wrinkles that appear in specific areas of the face. These include:
Often one of the first signs of aging, horizontal wrinkles appear on the forehead, and are typically caused by scrunching up the brow. These lines start off barely noticeable unless you furrow your brow, but can become very deep over time.
Also known as “elevens,” these vertical lines are located right between the eyebrows. These wrinkles can affect resting facial expression, making a person look angry, even when relaxed. Frown lines can become very deep and persistent.
The nasolabial folds are the furrows that run from the nose down along the cheek to the upper lip. With age, collagen and fat loss can make these folds very pronounced, contributing to an aged appearance.
Also known as “laugh lines,” crows’ feet are the small dynamic wrinkles that radiate out from the corners of the eyes. Most people get laugh lines to some degree eventually, but the severity of these lines varies greatly.
Running down from the corners of the mouth, marionette lines are named for their similarity to the appearance of a marionette puppet. These lines may have a genetic component, and lifestyle does contribute to the formation of this kind of wrinkle.
Fine lines, such as those surrounding the lips, can be very subtle, but tend to contribute heavily to the overall age of the face. When concentrated around the lips, they can make cosmetics bleed and make the lips appear less defined.
Preventing Wrinkles & Folds
Preventing wrinkles is not always possible, but it never hurts to try. The best ways to keep your skin in tiptop shape are pretty simple:
1. Adopt a regular skincare routine that includes gentle cleansing, moisturizing, and exfoliation.
2. Lead a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, a healthy diet, and proper hydration.
3. Keep stress to a minimum and avoid habits like smoking and excessive drinking.
4. Have periodic professional skin refreshing treatments.
5. Stay out of the sun as much as possible, and use sunscreen diligently.
It is impossible to stop the aging clock altogether, but it is possible to improve the appearance of facial wrinkles. There are many options for wrinkle treatments, including:
- Facial Fillers
- Laser Skin Resurfacing
- Plasma Skin Resurfacing
- Chemical Peels
- Prescription Skincare Products
These treatments vary greatly in downtime, results, and cost, which means that no matter what your needs and lifestyle, there is probably a good option for you. If you are not sure which treatment to choose, never fear—you will get the chance to ask your provider’s opinion on what will work best for you.
Talk to a Professional
Whether you are looking for comprehensive anti-aging or just a quick solution for a specific area of concern, you will want to seek help from a professional, such as a board certified facial plastic surgeon. Only an expert can assess you and your needs and help you come up with a treatment plan that works for you. Dr. Stuart Bentkover offers a wide range of classic and cutting-edge treatments to give patients options that work for every skin type. If you would like to learn more about reducing your wrinkles with a specialist who has over 25 years of experience, come to Bentkover Facial Plastic Surgery in Worcester (508-363-6500) or Stoneham (617-247-0033) MA, for a consultation with Dr. Bentkover. Call either location today to schedule your appointment.